The Internet of Things and Mining

Is the Internet of Things the next wave for the mining industry?


The mining industry is growing up. Traditionally a labor-intensive and brute business, the sector has progressed significantly over the last few years, adopting newer technologies and leaner practices to the way it operates.

The emergence of big data has allowed mining manufacturers to predict and eliminate potential problems in machinery by collecting infinite amounts of data from their equipment and transforming it into usable information. The Internet of Things (IoT) is expected to take things further.

The phrase “Internet of Things” is widely credited to Kevin Ashton while working at Proctor & Gamble in 1999.

Generally speaking, the IoT is a giant network of connected “things”. Unlike most data, which is produced and consumed by people (text, audio, video), this information is produced and consumed by machines, communicating between themselves to

make improvements. The futuristic concept aims to replace the human decision-making process through analytics.

Rio Tinto’s Mine of the Future and Anglo American’s FutureSmart initiative have clearly shown the Internet of Things is the direction the industry is headed.

According to technology research consultant Gartner Inc., the number of connected products in the mining industry is expected to rise to 90 million in 2020 from 24 million in 2014. The 25 percent annual growth rate in mining connectivity is among the fastest among the industry sectors tracked by Gartner.

Equipment manufacturers are quickly jumping onboard. Caterpillar Inc. has already integrated its MineStar technology to manage everything from material tracking to sophisticated real-time fleet management, machine health systems, autonomous equipment systems and more.

The manufacturer recently partnered with Uptake earlier this year to consolidate its suite of data-driven services under a new analytics and innovation division.

“We’re not data scientists, but we’re leveraging people who are,” says Caterpillar’s Greg Folley, vice president in charge of the analytics division. “With the mountain of data we’re getting, if we manage it property, we can really turbocharge [machine] productivity.”

What’s next?

According to The Wall Street Journal, the Internet of Things is expected to provide new revenue streams to manufacturers by selling this unique information, which can be then be leveraged into additional services like sales of replacement parts, consulting services, etc.

“All of a sudden, we have a whole new way of making money that doesn’t rest on a customer throwing something out and buying new,” says Michael Porter, a Harvard University business school professor. “You can fix it before it fails and get paid for that.”

Like most things in life, technology is expected to take the mining industry into a new realm of productivity.

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